Before the alphabet was invented, early writing systems had been based on pictographic symbols known as hieroglyphics, or on cuneiform wedges, produced by pressing a stylus into soft clay. The modern english alphabet evolved from the phoenician alphabet we get the term phonics, which means to read and write, from the phoenicians as you can see, there are some similarities in the shapes, but not in the sound. Development of writing standard : analyze the origins, structures, and interactions of complex societies in the ancient eastern mediterranean from 3500 bce to 500 bce. It is the oldest example of the family of west semitic scripts such as the phoenician, paleo-hebrew, and aramaic alphabets (including the hebrew alphabet) the so-called long alphabet has 30 letters while the short alphabet has 22.
Signs-and stressed the fact that the cuneiform alphabet of ugarit is an invention and the later phoenician alphabet are purely analysis of the ug cuneiform. Cuneiform writing was gradually replaced by the phoenician alphabet during the neo-assyrian empire (911-612 bc) by the second century ce, the script had become extinct, and all knowledge of how to read it was lost until it began to be deciphered in the 19th century. It was gradually replaced by the phoenician alphabet during the neo-assyrian empire so cuneiform itself was not a language but a writing system being adapted to many languages and evolving in form to suit such languages and period. The phoenician writing system is, by virtue of being an alphabet, simple and easy to learn, and also very adaptable to other languages, quite unlike cuneiform or hieroglyphics in the 9th century bce the aramaeans had adopted the phoenician alphabet, added symbols for the initial aleph and for long vowels.
The development of the alphabet becomes a little clearer from the phoenician alphabetic script onwards it is known, for example, that this script was adopted by the greeks at some point during the 8 th century bc or even earlier, and then adapted it to suit their own language. Tamian cuneiform and phoenician native signs into one single, new pictographic script 0 note again that there is a mixture of semitic (mesopotamian and phoenician) and egyptian writing systems, pre. Cuneiform is a writing system and not a language as it isn't an alphabet nor does it have letters instead, ancient people used around 1000 characters to form words or syllables it is believed to have been used for the first time around 3400 bc. Shalaamu phoenician, thanks and yes, i am accustomed to how mr benner reconstructs the names of the letters i was just curious i disagree with jeff on the names, though.
The tibetan alphabet excellent characters to use as a coded writing in your book of shadows find this pin and more on tibet by adela ramirez tibetan alphabet - the tibetan alphabet is an abugida used to write the tibetic languages such as tibetan, as well as dzongkha, sikkimese, ladakhi, and sometimes balti. World history chapter 3 study how did the phoenician alphabet improve upon the cuneiform writing system the spread of the phoenician alphabet to greece and. In our analysis of the twenty-two phoenician-hebrew letters, most of which will be analyzed below, we found that twenty-one out of the twenty-two were either similar or identical to the corresponding ug sign12 our analysis of the ug cuneiform in comparison with the later phoenician script is presented in a three-part table. While eastern civilizations played with pictographic languages, the phoenicians (1500 bc - 300 bc) to the west graduated from a cuneiform script in the first centuries of their existence to an alphabetic script at around 1000 bc  the phoenician alphabet had 22 characters that were written horizontally from right to left, like the.
Posts about phoenician alphabet written by graecomuse cuneiform: an introduction to one of the earliest scripts posted on april 28, 2012 updated on april 28, 2012 cuneiform has always interested me. Note: the claim that the names of phoenician characters have easy to understand meanings in modern hebrew only is unfounded meanings of phoenician characters are easily and equally understood by speakers of arabic, hebrew, aramaic and syriac. The phoenician alphabet, called by convention the proto-canaanite alphabet for inscriptions older than around 1050 bc, is the oldest verified alphabet the phoenician alphabet is an abjad  consisting of 22 letters, all consonants , with matres lectionis used for some vowels in certain late varieties. The cuneiform script (kjuːˈniːəfɔrm) is the earliest known form of written expressionas such, those writings that remain are communications from peoples long gone from the earth.
The phoenician alphabet served as a basis for the greek alphabet and was a key factor in the development of greek literature decline the great phoenician cities were so well defended that they were able to withstand most of the attacks of the assyrian kings. Answer to how did the phoenician alphabet differ from cuneiform (4 points) the symbols stand for pictures the symbols stand for a single sound the symbols stand for syllables the symbols stand for whole words. Writing is undeniably one of humanity's most important inventions the earliest forms of storing information on objects were numerical inscriptions on clay tablets, used for administration, accounting and trade the first writing system dates back to around 3000 bc, when the sumerians developed the.
A fairly eye-opening account of how -- and why -- the alphabet and early writing came into being is described in the book phoenician secrets in this well researched and intriguing narrative, the mysterious phoenicians and the ancient mediterranean are experienced in rich detail. Hebrew and arabic are modern examples of a phoenician-style alphabet or abjad, where characters represent only consonants, and the reader must supply the vowels from context. Alphabetic system in the light of the phoenician alphabet doblhofer notes that jensen (described as the broadest alphabet scholar of the century) in 1935 considered that the problem of the origin of ugaritic cuneiform had not been solved. The phoenician alphabet, called by convention the proto-canaanite alphabet for inscriptions phoenician inscriptions have been found in archaeological sites at a number of former phoenician cities and to the phoenician ones and vowels were added, because the phoenician alphabet did not contain any vowels.